Psychological therapy is an umbrella term for a number of therapy approaches used by psychiatrists and psychologists. When helping and treating a client, one therapeutic approach may work better than another, and many process and techniques naturally overlap.
Therapists may use an Integrative Process – where different therapies are drawn on and blended to better help the client – or an Eclectic Process – where elements of different therapy models are combined to better help the client.
Psychological therapy treatments are often known as talking therapies. They work to help the client change thinking patterns, improve coping skills, and support client recovery. Psychotherapy helps clients stay well by identifying and changing unhelpful thought patterns and behaviours.
In practice, therapy can address specific forms of mental illness, or everyday problems managing or maintaining interpersonal relationships or meeting personal goals. Psychotherapy can occur before or after pharmacotherapy. Sessions can be short or long term and can be done in one-on-one sessions, group sessions, couple sessions or family therapy sessions.
Psychological therapies fall into a number of categories. These include:
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioural therapy focuses on how we think and act, and how that affects the way we feel. It has been found as especially effective for depression, as well on a wide range of ages. The client works with their therapist to identify thought and behaviour patterns, and then change them by learning how to rationally think through common issues.
By helping you to shift negative or unhelpful thought patterns and reactions, your psychological therapist can help create more realistic, positive, and problem-solving approaches to life and various issues.
Click here to read more about Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
This is a structured psychological therapy that focuses on problems in personal relationships. It is based on the idea that relationship problems have significant effects on a person experiencing depression and other mental illnesses, as well as how they can contribute to the cause of mental illness.
Your therapist can help you recognise patterns that make you more vulnerable to depression, and help you focus on improving relationships, cope with grief, as well as new ways to get along with others.
Click here to read more about Interpersonal Therapy.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Acceptance and Commitment therapy can help those struggling with emotional trauma. Often people go to great lengths to avoid confronting pain. Unfortunately avoidance strategies and inner battles can be more destructive than the initial source of distress.
Your therapist will encourage you to and help you confront distress rather than avoiding it. They will help you end the struggle with internal thoughts and emotions. You will use introspection and thought exercises to make healthy connections with thoughts and sensations. This therapy has great success with treating anxiety, depression, stress, and even chronic pain.
Click here to read more about Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
People often experience traumatic events. The consequences of the event and your interpretation of the event can turn it into a story or narrative. This therapy enables you to look objectively at their narratives and gain new insights. The focus is on separating the person from the problem.
By externalising the issues, they can be viewed objectively and effectively. Clients can see their issues in the larger context of their story and build new narratives to follow.
Click here to read more about Narrative Therapy.
Family Interventions generally last between 3 month to a year. Sessions should include at least 10 meetings. They can be part of a group therapy with other families, or with your family alone, depending on preference.
This therapy supports your family to work together to help you cope with and reduce stress for family members. The therapist ensures everyone involved is happy with how the therapy sessions are going.
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Art therapies help clients to express themselves and work through problems using art, music, dance, or drama. This can take place one-on-one or in groups with people with similar issues.
Click here to read more about Art Therapy.
Psychological therapy can treat a number of different mental illnesses, relationship issues, and personal skills, including:
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Borderline Personality
- Stress management
- Fears and phobias
- Body image concerns
- Health anxiety
- Obsessions and compulsions
- Social anxiety
- Sleep problems
- Family therapy
- Couples therapy
- Anxiety, stress, and low mood linked to long term medical conditions
- Assertion skills training
- Relaxation training
- Eating problems
- Pain management
To get the most out of therapy, it is best to be honest with your therapist. You need to fully share your thoughts, feelings, and experiences. You need to be an active participant in your sessions, ensuring you do all necessary homework. Therapy is a partnership with your therapist, psychologist, and psychiatrist. Make your homework part of your daily routine. Stick with it for at least three months, to ensure this new habit becomes part of your regular routine.
Psychological therapy is more in depth than counselling. It can address a wide range of issues. It can help you better deal with difficult situations. You can go to your doctor for a referral, which mean you are eligible for a mental health care plan.
To discuss what kind of psychotherapy would work best for you, please contact the experienced therapists at Creative Healing today.